The Silver Memorial Cross
The Silver Memorial Cross was instituted by the Canadian government
on September 24, 1919 to recognize the loss suffered by the mothers
and widows of those who gave their lives during the First World War.
In 1940, provision was made to include mothers and widows of deceased
Second World War Naval, Military and Air Forces of Canada. A year
later the mothers and widows of Canadian Merchant Seamen were also
included. An amendment made in 1950 recognizes those Canadians who
died while serving Canada under an instrument for collective defence
such as the United Nations Charter; the mother or spouse receives
The Department of National Defence issues the Silver Cross. Inscribed
in the centre on the front, within a laurel wreath, is the royal cypher.
G.R. VI, if it was issued during the reign of King George VI. If it was
issued during the present reign of Queen Elizabeth II the cypher will
read E.R. II.